Pure functions are functions which for certain input always returns the same output without modifying its surroundings. So, they are free from side effects. Because of that feature they are easy to test and highly reliable part of your system. Why only a part? There is a lot of different side effects and it’s more probably than not that your app is full of them. Every DOM mutation, API request, pushState or even console.log is a side effect. It’s hard to imagine an useful application without side effects.